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Sperm Analysis

Sperm analysis helps to assess male fertility.

Sperm analysis is one of the first methods to analyze and assess male fertility.  In the process of basic semen analysis the motility, shape and number of sperm is examined.

Sperm analysis is given in a private room in the clinic. It is important to refrain from ejaculation for 3-4 days before sperm sample is given in the clinic. If necessary, a semen sample can also be brought from home (in coordination with the laboratory staff). When brought home, the semen sample should be kept at body temperature and the sample should reach the clinic within 30 minutes.

Spermogram results

The results of the semen analysis are based on the values ​​set by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Normal spermogram parameters (WHO):

• semen volume ≥ 1.5 ml

• total sperm count ≥ 39 million

• sperm concentration ≥ 15 million / ml

• sperm motility ≥ 40%

• normal shape sperm count ≥ 4%

Additional Tests

If necessary, your doctor will order additional tests to help determine the cause of the male infertility and to choose a suitable method of in vitro fertilization.

• MAR test for evaluation of anti-sperm antibodies

• Detection of IL-6 in semen or prostate secretion – a marker of local inflammation

• Functional tests (Eosin) – shows the viability of sperm, i.e how many sperm are able to fertilize an egg

• Microbiological test – indicates the presence of microbes, which indicates inflammation.

• Myoxis – determination of sperm oxidative stress. Higher oxidative stress can indicate inflammation and cause infertility or a failed IVF treatment.

• Microbiological swab – shows the levels of zinc, alpha-glucosidase and fructose in seminal plasma, which are additional markers of infection and are also important in fertility.

What affects the quality of sperm?

Sperm quality can be negatively affected by smoking, certain medications, excessive alcohol and coffee consumption, obesity, hazardous substances in the environment, stress. In addition, men are advised to avoid heated car seats, hot tubs, holding laptops a a mobile phones in their laps.

Sperm develops in a 3-month development cycle, and a man’s healthy lifestyle can help improve sperm results.

If you want more information about the results of your spermogram, we recommend that you consult with an andrologist-urologist.
Photographer: Aivar Pärtel
Sperm quality can be negatively affected by smoking, certain medications, excessive alcohol and coffee consumption, obesity, hazardous substances in the environment, stress.
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