If necessary, your doctor will order additional tests to help determine the cause of the male infertility and to choose a suitable method of in vitro fertilization.
• MAR test for evaluation of anti-sperm antibodies
• Detection of IL-6 in semen or prostate secretion – a marker of local inflammation
• Functional tests (Eosin) – shows the viability of sperm, i.e how many sperm are able to fertilize an egg
• Microbiological test – indicates the presence of microbes, which indicates inflammation.
• Myoxis – determination of sperm oxidative stress. Higher oxidative stress can indicate inflammation and cause infertility or a failed IVF treatment.
• Microbiological swab – shows the levels of zinc, alpha-glucosidase and fructose in seminal plasma, which are additional markers of infection and are also important in fertility.
What affects the quality of sperm?
Sperm quality can be negatively affected by smoking, certain medications, excessive alcohol and coffee consumption, obesity, hazardous substances in the environment, stress. In addition, men are advised to avoid heated car seats, hot tubs, holding laptops a a mobile phones in their laps.
Sperm develops in a 3-month development cycle, and a man’s healthy lifestyle can help improve sperm results.
If you want more information about the results of your spermogram, we recommend that you consult with an andrologist-urologist.