A very widespread reason for infertility is tubal factor infertility which is caused by the obstruction or damage in fallopian tubes.
Our body functions quite logically: when an egg is released from the ovary, it moves to the fallopian tube where semen fertilizes the egg. After the fertilization process, the fallopian tubes take care of the newly formed life for the first week, after which it must be transported to the uterus in order to avoid ectopic pregnancy. So, if the fallopian tubes don’t function properly, fertilization and early embryo development are rather unlikely.
The main reason for damaging fallopian tubes lies in fallopian tube inflammation, in other words, salpingitis. The inflammation is mostly caused by sexually transmittable bacteria like chlamydia or gonorrhea. Our immune system will attack the invaders but as a result the normal tissue becomes scarred and the tube cannot be passed through anymore.
The symptoms include unusual vaginal discharge, painful urination, and abdominal pain. Unfortunately nearly half the cases run its course asymptomatic and the disease may not be diagnosed. In that instance bacteria knocks your fertility down even more and you may also be the distributor of a transmittable disease. Reaction severity depends on the specific bacterial type, our own microflora and in which menstrual cycle phase the infection took place. Recurring infections also cause more severe damage.
To keep yourself safe use a condom, check yourself and your partner for sexually transmittable diseases and visit your gynecologist regularly.